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CONNECTICUT Title 9-323-332
Sec. 9-323. Contests and complaints in election of presidential electors, U.S. senator and representative. Any elector or candidate who claims that he is aggrieved by any ruling of any election official in connection with any election for presidential electors and for a senator in Congress and for representative in Congress or any of them, held in his town, or that there was a mistake in the count of the votes cast at such election for candidates for such electors, senator in Congress and representative in Congress, or any of them, at any voting district in his town, or any candidate for such an office who claims that he is aggrieved by a violation of any provision of section 9-355, 9-357 to 9-361, inclusive, 9-364, 9-364a or 9-365 in the casting of absentee ballots at such election, may bring his complaint to any judge of the Supreme Court, in which he shall set out the claimed errors of such election official, the claimed errors in the count or the claimed violations of said sections. In any action brought pursuant to the provisions of this section, the complainant shall file a certification attached to the complaint indicating that a copy of the complaint has been sent by first-class mail or delivered to the State Elections Enforcement Commission. If such complaint is made prior to such election, such judge shall proceed expeditiously to render judgment on the complaint and shall cause notice of the hearing to be given to the Secretary of the State and the State Elections Enforcement Commission. If such complaint is made subsequent to the election, it shall be brought not later than fourteen days after the election or, if such complaint is brought in response to the manual tabulation of paper ballots authorized pursuant to section 9-320f, such complaint shall be brought not later than seven days after the close of any such manual tabulation, and in either such circumstance, the judge shall forthwith order a hearing to be had upon such complaint, upon a day not more than five or less than three days from the making of such order, and shall cause notice of not less than three or more than five days to be given to any candidate or candidates whose election may be affected by the decision upon such hearing, to such election official, to the Secretary of the State, to the State Elections Enforcement Commission and to any other party or parties whom such judge deems proper parties thereto, of the time and place for the hearing upon such complaint. Such judge, with two other judges of the Supreme Court to be designated by the Chief Court Administrator, shall, on the day fixed for such hearing and without unnecessary delay, proceed to hear the parties. If sufficient reason is shown, such judges may order any voting machines to be unlocked or any ballot boxes to be opened and a recount of the votes cast, including absentee ballots, to be made. Such judges shall thereupon, in the case they, or any two of them, find any error in the rulings of the election official, any mistake in the count of such votes or any violation of said sections, certify the result of their finding or decision, or the finding or decision of a majority of them, to the Secretary of the State before the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December. Such judges may order a new election or a change in the existing election schedule, provided such order complies with Section 302 of the Help America Vote Act, P.L. 107-252, as amended from time to time. Such certificate of such judges, or a majority of them, shall be final upon all questions relating to the rulings of such election officials, to the correctness of such count and, for the purposes of this section only, such claimed violations, and shall operate to correct the returns of the moderators or presiding officers so as to conform to such finding or decision.
(1949 Rev., S. 1107; 1953, S. 801d; 1963, P.A. 307; P.A. 78-125, S. 6; P.A. 83-583, S. 2, 6; P.A. 84-511, S. 4, 15; P.A. 87-545, S. 1; P.A. 88-364, S. 14, 123; P.A. 95-88, S. 4; P.A. 04-74, S. 1; P.A. 05-288, S. 47; P.A. 07-194, S. 2; P.A. 10-43, S. 5.)
History: 1963 act added provisions re defeated candidate in first sentence, increased time within which a complaint may be brought from 3 to 10 days after election, clarified the counting of absentee ballots and changed the date by which certification must be made; P.A. 78-125 added candidate as claimant to aggrievement, deleted “the moderator of any election” following “ruling of” and substituted “any election official in connection with any election”, deleted provisions pertaining to defeated candidates, provided for judge to proceed expeditiously on complaint when made prior to election, provided for notice of hearing to election official, changed authority to assign judges to hear case to the chief court administrator, provided that judges may order a new election or a change in the existing election schedule and deleted provision for substitution in case judge unable to serve; P.A. 83-583 required a complainant to send or deliver a copy of the complaint to the state elections commission and required a judge to give notice of a hearing to the secretary of the state and the state elections commission; P.A. 84-511 changed name of elections commission to elections enforcement commission; P.A. 87-545 allowed candidate to bring complaint under this section if he claims that he is aggrieved by violation of any provision of Secs. 9-355, 9-357 to 9-361, inclusive, 9-364, 9-364a or 9-365 in casting of absentee ballots; P.A. 88-364 made technical change; P.A. 95-88 changed time within which a complaint shall be brought from 10 to 14 days; P.A. 04-74 qualified judges’ authority to order a new election or a change in existing election schedule by adding “, provided such order complies with Section 302 of the Help America Vote Act, P.L. 107-252, as amended from time to time”, effective May 10, 2004; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes, effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 07-194 added deadline for filing of complaint if complaint is brought in response to manual tabulation of paper ballots authorized pursuant to Sec. 9-320f and made technical changes, effective July 5, 2007; P.A. 10-43 replaced requirement that complainant send by first-class mail or hand-deliver a copy of complaint to State Elections Enforcement Commission with requirement that complainant file a certification attached to complaint indicating that a copy of complaint has been sent by first-class mail or delivered to said commission.
Cited. 186 C. 125. Cited. 231 C. 602. Plaintiff lacked standing to bring complaint as plaintiff did not allege any act or conduct by defendant that interpreted a statute, regulation or other authoritative legal requirement applicable to the election process or identify any mandatory statute that defendant had failed to apply or follow. 289 C. 522.
Sec. 9-325. Appeals and reservations of law to be taken to Supreme Court. If, upon any such hearing by a judge of the Superior Court, any question of law is raised which any party to the complaint claims should be reviewed by the Supreme Court, such judge, instead of filing the certificate of his finding or decision with the Secretary of the State, shall transmit the same, including therein such questions of law, together with a proper finding of facts, to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, who shall thereupon call a special session of said court for the purpose of an immediate hearing upon the questions of law so certified. A copy of the finding and decision so certified by the judge of the Superior Court, together with the decision of the Supreme Court, on the questions of law therein certified, shall be attested by the clerk of the Supreme Court, and by him transmitted to the Secretary of the State forthwith. The finding and decision of the judge of the Superior Court, together with the decision of the Supreme Court on the questions of law thus certified, shall be final and conclusive upon all questions relating to errors in the rulings of the election officials and to the correctness of such count and shall operate to correct the returns of the moderators or presiding officers so as to conform to such decision of said court. Nothing in this section shall be considered as prohibiting an appeal to the Supreme Court from a final judgment of the Superior Court. The judges of the Supreme Court may establish rules of procedure for the speedy and inexpensive hearing of such appeals within fifteen days of such judgment of a judge of the Superior Court.
(1949 Rev., S. 1106; 1953, S. 803d; P.A. 78-125, S. 10.)
History: P.A. 78-125 changed limiting day in December by which decision of supreme court to be transmitted to secretary of the state to “forthwith”, changed reference to errors in rulings of “moderator” to “election officials”, clarified authority of supreme court to rule on final judgment of superior court and provided for establishment of rules for speedy hearing of appeals.
Procedure considered. 77 C. 595. See 82 C. 330. Cited. 186 C. 125. Cited. 205 C. 495. Cited. 231 C. 602.
Sec. 9-327. Bond of complainant. The complainant in any complaint or proceeding under sections 9-323, 9-324, 9-328 or 9-329a, shall give a good and sufficient bond for prosecution for the payment of costs, and the judge or judges hearing such application shall make such order regarding the payment of the costs in such action as may be equitable and may render judgment and issue execution therefor.
(1949 Rev., S. 1113; 1953, S. 805d; P.A. 78-125, S. 8.)
History: P.A. 78-125 deleted “for the correction of errors of a moderator or for a recount of votes” and cross referenced Secs. 9-323, 9-324, 9-328 or 9-449.
Sec. 9-329b. Removal of candidate’s name from ballot label. At any time prior to a primary held pursuant to sections 9-423, 9-425 and 9-464, or a special act or prior to any election, the Superior Court may issue an order removing a candidate from a ballot label where it is shown that said candidate is improperly on the ballot.
(P.A. 78-125, S. 5; P.A. 97-154, S. 4, 27; P.A. 03-241, S. 8.)
History: P.A. 97-154 applied section to a primary held pursuant to a special act, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 03-241 deleted reference to Sec. 9-424, effective January 1, 2004, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date.
See Sec. 9-323 re contests and complaints in election of presidential electors, U.S. senator and U.S. representative.
See Sec. 9-324 re contests and complaints in election of state officers and probate judges.
See Sec. 9-328 re contests and complaints in election of municipal officers and in nomination of justices of the peace.
See Sec. 9-329a re contests and complaints in connection with primaries.